The River Tyne is located in Northern England and flows over 100km (62 miles) of land into the North Sea just below Newcastle. The river forms near Hexham when the confluence of the North Tyne meets the Rede tributary and the South Tyne. Its northern part originates from an area close to the Scottish border beside Kielder village. The South Tyne originates in the hills of Alston Moor in Cumbria. All the way from Wylam, the Tyne River forms the boundary marking Northumberland and Durham counties. It crosses an area of coal and for the last 23 km (14 miles) it forms a tidal waterway.
Since 1850 it has been maintained by the Tyne Improvement Commission which has done dredging on its lower side. The commission has also done construction and improvement of the river entrance. There is a historic crossing from Gateshead to Newcastle along Tyne just 16 km from its mouth. The river transported coal for about six centuries and the estuary is now filled with industry and big communities that make the Tyne and Wear metropolitan region. Nevertheless, its greater expense moves through unspoiled countryside. A greater part of the Tyne basin is found within the Northumberland National Park.
The Tyne Catchment covers 100 square miles with over 860 miles of waterway. About 100 miles of the waterway has fish and as new beats come along, there arise more opportunity to explore the river even further.
In the past two decades, the Tyne it has shown its true colors by giving anglers the opportunity to involve in fishing which reached its highest level in 2004 when over 4000 salmon and 2000 sea trout were caught. A counter placed at Riding Mill on the major Tyne about 30,000 catches may be seen ascending the river annually and this shows that there are enough to be caught still.
People living around the river have made good use of it so far and this is evident in the system at Kielder Water, the biggest reservoir located at the head of North Tyne all through Hadrian’s Wall. There are mines in the South Tyne valley all the way to the city and the ship building of the Tyne Estuary. This feature offers the Tyne, the unique character it has been known for and hence the reason why it continues to attract tourists from all over the world. Archeological finds established that beavers and moose were once many on the banks of the river and today some of the rare species of wildlife have made the river catchment their home. The South Tyne, which was once filled with metal mining, is now a favorable environment for plants which use the metal deposits as their food.
The Tyne River is cared for by the Ty Rivers Trust who looks after its catchment. The trust is doing all in their powers to make the Tyne be recognized for the environmental excellence achieved thus far. In a period of two decades, the river has gone from being threatened by industrial pollution to being the best river in England. Its waters are full of many creatures and this is a clear indication of how pleasant it has become.